Jul. 16th, 2015

iewi: trees on sky (ghosty)
I've been working on creating descendants from my conlang Jumban, so that the linguistics of my con-culture will be more realistic, as Jumban has been spoken for over 6500 years. So far, I've made two: Sayattani and Lemmeyi. They also happen to be the most divergent. Here's a sample text in all three languages (plus English!), namely the first sentence of the first article of the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam.

English: All human beings form one family whose members are united by their subordination to Allah and descent from Adam.

Jumban: Ṅàpà dìnyàhé yearhé isboazyó nabó drax há sraxahé há vùa nghó isnabirí srì ṅaxpanyoṡe Allahṡe wò adle da sláumṡe Adamṡe srì.

Lemmeyi: Ṅạfạ zhinââ uweyâlạ́ạ́ isạ́bowazấ nạbó dạ́lạ hạ́ sạ́lạạ hạ́ wo kóṁ isạ́nạbierí sạ́rri ṅạạfạnẹṡe Ạnạạṡe wo ạdạ́ne dạ sạ́nọṁṡạ Ạdạṁṡe sạ́rri.

Sayattani: Npa deñ6é eerré ezbožó nbó drạ 6ạ́ sra6é 6ạ́ vuo qó eznbiré zre nbbxạ6e Laše wo dľe dạ slša Daše zre.

If that didn't display for you (which is highly likely), here's a picture of it.
a picture of the previous text

First, please note that I haven't done any grammar work on these languages yet, so these are by no means the final texts. They only serve to show the similarities and differences between each language, with respect to sound changes. So, every word is cognate with the word in the same position of either of the other two texts.
Secondly, the orthographies are consistent throughout the texts (disregarding English), but Jumban ‹e o› correspond to /ɛ ɔ/, whereas Lemmeyi and Sayattani ‹e o ẹ ọ› correspond to, respectively /e o ɛ ɔ/. Also, double consonants and vowels usually stand for the geminated versions of these phonemes, but Lemmeyi ‹rr› stands for /r/ as opposed to ‹r›, which is Lemmeyi /ɾ/ and Sayattani /ʁ/.
Other letter-sound correspondances that might not be obvious: ‹6› /ħ/, ‹3› /ʕ/, ‹ạ› /ə/, ‹ṅ› /ɳ/, ‹ṡ› /ʂ/, ‹ľ› /ʎ/, ‹ngh› /ŋ̊/, ‹x› /ʔ/, ‹â› /æ/, Lemmeyi ‹a› /ɒ/, ‹zh› /zʱ/, ‹bx› /ɓ/, and ‹ṁ› which marks the nasalization of the previous vowel. And the accent/grave marks refer to tone.


iewi: feet (Default)

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